According to archaeological finds already by the V century BC. E. On the site of the present Bordeaux, there was a settlement, and in the III century BC. E. On the site of the present Bordeaux, the Gallic settlement of Burdigala was founded, which was the main city of the Biturigi tribe (Biturigi vivisci). In the I century BC. E. Burdigala fell under the power of Rome. Burdigala became a major trading hub of Rome. From here, a large quantity of wheat was exported to Rome, metal was transported from Britain to the Roman Empire. Approximately from the first century AD. In the region appeared winemaking, which for two thousand years is one of the main fields of agricultural activity in the region.
What to see:
The basilica of the Archangel Michael (Basilique Saint-Michel de Bordeaux), located on Place Meynard, was built in 1466. Since 1998, the basilica is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Basilique Saint-Seurin basilica, located on Place des Martyrs de la Résistance, was built in the 6th century, but was completely rebuilt in the middle of the 11th century.
During the Middle Ages, the basilica was an important part of the "Way of St. Jacob" - the famous pilgrimage route to the tomb of the Apostle James in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela. Now the basilica is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The Place de la Bourse was built in 1755, as part of the city's improvement. On the square is the Customs Museum, which presents the richest collection of weapons, furniture, musical instruments, sculptures and paintings.
Abbatial Church of the Cross (Abbatiale Sainte-Croix de Bordeaux), located on the Place Pierre Renaudel, is part of the Benedictine monastery that existed in the Middle Ages. The first mention of the church dates from the 7th century.
The amphitheater of Bordeaux or the palace of Gallien (Amphithéâtre dit Palais Gallien), located on the rue Docteur Albert Barraud, was built at the end of II at the beginning of the III century for the Empress Gallienay, the wife of Charlemagne.
The cathedral of St. Andrew (Cathédrale Saint-André), located on Place Pey-Berland, was built in the XI century and up to the 16th century it was rebuilt several times. The Cathedral of St. Andrew the First-Called is the largest cathedral in Bordeaux.
The Church of Our Lady (Église Notre-Dame de Bordeaux), located on rue de Mably, was built in 1707 by the Dominican order in honor of St. Dominic. After the Revolution, the church became the Temple of Reason, and from 1802 it was dedicated to the Mother of God.
The large bell tower (Grosse cloche de Bordeaux), located on rue Saint-James, was built in the 15th century. The belltower is a symbol of Bordeaux and its image is present on the coat of arms of the city.
The Grand Theater (Grand Théâtre), located on Place de la Comédie, was built in 1780 and is the largest opera house in France.
Palais Rohan, located on Place Pey-Berland, was built by order of Archbishop Ferdinand Maximilian de Rohan in 1784.
The Gate of Cayo (Porte du Palais, Porte Cailhau), located on the rue Porte Cailhau, is part of the medieval city fortifications. Behind the gate was the ducal palace, destroyed in the XIX century.
The Burgundy Gates (Porte de Bourgogne), located near the quai Quai Richelieu, were built in 1755 as part of the city's amenities.
The Place du Parlement, built in 1760, is named after the Parliament of Bordeaux, founded in 1451 by King Charles VII and dissolved in 1790.
Rue Sainte-Catherine Street, the main shopping street of Bordeaux, is home to over 250 shops and boutiques.
The stone bridge (Pont de pierre) connects cours Victor Hugo and avenue Thiers. The bridge was built in 1822 by the order of Napoleon I. The bridge consists of seventeen arches, each is supported by a medallion with an imperial profile, and on several pillars one can see small medallions with the coat of arms of Bordeaux.
The Bordeaux Park (Parc Bordelais), located between Avenue Charles de Gaulle and Boulevard du Président Wilson, was opened in 1888. In the park belly rabbits and squirrels, and in the pond swim ducks and swans.
The public park (Jardin public de Bordeaux), located on Place du Champ de Mars, was defeated in 1746 and modernized in 1856.
Place de la Victoire, is a favorite place for students and locals, as it has many cafes and restaurants. On the square is the Aquitaine Gate - a triumphal arch of the 17th century and a column of pink marble - built in 2005.
How to get there:
There are no direct flights to Bordeaux from Russia, so you will have to fly with a transfer in Paris or another European city. You can buy a ticket to Bordeaux in the air tickets section.
From Paris to Bordeaux, an express train departs every hour and a half. The trip takes 3 hours 30 minutes. The train departs from the Gare de l'Est East Station, metro: Gare de l'Est. The fare is from 45 €.
Lourdes is one of the most visited cities not only in France, but also throughout Europe. Every year, up to 5 million pilgrims come to Lourdes with the hope of miraculous healing. According to legend, the daughter of the miller, Bernadette Subira, on February 11, 1858, walked on the outskirts of Lourdes. Here, a woman with a rosary in her hand came out to meet her and introduced herself: "I am the Immaculate Conception." Since then, the Virgin Mary appeared to the girl 18 times, most recently - on June 16. In addition to Bernadette, no one saw a woman in white, but in one of the caves near which the Virgin Mary appeared, suddenly a source appeared that heals illnesses. On the site of the apparition of the Virgin Mary the temple of Notre-Dame de Lourdes was built. The traditional route of the pilgrims is indicated by a blue line, and leads from the girl's house to the grotto where the meeting with the Virgin Mary was held.
Also in Lourdes is worth visiting the bridge of Saint-Michel; Altar with a statue of the Virgin Mary; Wax museum Greven; The Pirene Museum, located in a 14th century castle; Underground Basilica Southeren-Saint-Pi-X and Esplanade Processions.
How to get there:
From Paris to Lourdes on a fast, direct train can be reached in 6 hours. The train departs from Gare Montparnasse station, Gare Montparnasse metro station. The fare is from 71 €. You can buy a ticket on the site or at the ticket offices of the railway station.
From Bordeaux to Lourdes train can be reached in 3 hours. The fare is from 27 €. The train departs from the Bordeaux Saint Jean station. You can buy a ticket on the site or at the ticket offices of the railway station.
From Paris to Lourdes, 830 km. The journey time is 7.5 hours. The cost of fuel (diesel) is from 75 €. The fare on toll roads is 78 €.
From Bordeaux to Lourdes 250 km. The journey takes 2.5 hours. The cost of fuel (diesel) is from 23 €. The fare on toll roads will cost 25 €.